Erin Besler, Visiting Assistant Professor
Art is always the result of some kind of constraint. – Andre Gide, The Evolution of Theater Creativity comes from constraint. – Biz Stone, co-founder of Twitter remarking on the app’s 140-character limit constraint
TOOLS AND CONSTRAINTS With the economic decline that began in the early 2000s along with the impact sustained by multiple industries, several industrial robots moved out of the factory system, mainly from automotive manufacturing and assembly lines, and into architecture schools. A demonstration of the often promoted universality of these machines - bizarrely suited to industry as well as the academy. The proliferation of robots in architecture schools has produced a mounting pressure for critical consideration with respect to their position within the architect’s tool kit and their purported status as “universal” machines free from constraints.

Architects are no strangers to constraints. We have budget constraints, zoning constraints, building code constraints, material constraints, client constraints. There has been a considerable amount of criticism based on the proposition that constraints hinder creativity and an unconstrained environment with access to universal tools and technologies is more productive. As it turns out, the result of an unconstrained environment is often less productivity. The problem of the blank page for example: Infinite possibilities!
The course seeks to begin a discussion about constraints by curiously questioning the suggested universality of the six axis machines at UCLA IDEAS Campus, their inherent built in constraints (workspace) and those associated with their specific platform for control (BDMove) as well as the imposition of new moving constraints.

This is a technology seminar. That being said, this course is as much concerned with a critical discussion surrounding the platforms and machines of production, and the things being produced as learning new software and hardware. The course focuses on how constraints operate in relation to the tools that are in the architect’s kit as well as those that are not.
s t u d e n t s : Xueqi Bai, Danfeng Chen, Xiao Chen, Chun-Hua Chiu, Junfeng Hong, Shuangjiao Hu, Shobitha Jacob, Chenguang Li, Jie Li, Xiaoyuan Li, Xi Liao, Hanxiong Liu, Nawid Suleman Piracha, Diandra Karen Rendradjaja, JianiSong,TuoSun, Maria Dmitrievna Sviridova, Jue Wang, Runzhi Wang, Shuoyang Wang, Hao Weng, Matthew Lynn Whitham, You Wu, Hun Tao Yu, Shijie Zhang, Shuyan Zhang, Weizhong Zhang, Yayun Zhou, Yuan Zhou